Tonsils are inflammation of the tonsils, the tonsils are the tissues that are on both sides of the back of the throat. This tonsil helps the immune system to protect against infections that may enter the body through the mouth. When the tonsils are infected, the tonsils become enlarged and red and there is a yellow or white layer.
Causes of tonsillitis in children
Tonsils can be caused by bacteria or viral infections. Viruses that cause colds or flu can be a cause of tonsils in children. The virus that causes mononucleosis can also be a cause of tonsils. The streptococcus group is the most common type of bacteria that causes tonsillitis and sore throat. The tonsils can spread from infected people to others through coughing, sneezing or touching. The germs that cause the tonsils can spread through sharing maknan and beverages. Germs can easily spread in schools and daycare centers.
Signs and symptoms of a child with tonsils
- Fever and sore throat
- Nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain
- Cough or hoarseness
- Nose runny or clogged
- Yellow or white spots on the back of the throat
- Bad breath
- Rash on the body or in the mouth
Treating tonsils in children
Treatment of tonsillitis in children depends on what causes the tonsils, whether the child is sick mandel because of viruses or bacteria such as streptococcal bacteria. Doctors usually can not distinguish the cause of the mandel by just looking at the tonsils, but can detect streptococcal bacteria with a strep test.
If the tonsils in children are caused by a virus, the body will fight the infection by itself. If it is caused by strep bacteria, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics.
For children who often experience tonsillitis more than 5-7 times a year or recurrent infections and often for several years, maybe doctors will recommend tonsillectomy surgery.
Caring for a child’s tonsillitis
Children with tonsillitis need a lot of nutrition and rest. Tonsils cause swallowing food so painful that the child is difficult to eat, the solution to make soft foods such as soup, mlikshake, smoothies, or ice cream.
Make sure children drink plenty of fluids and adequate rest, do not forget to check the temperature regularly. Use a prescribed pain reliever such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, for sore throat. Do not give aspirin or other products that contain aspirin, because it can cause serious complications in children like Reye’s syndrome.